© RIA Novosti. Vladimir Fedorenkova the image Bank
MOSCOW, 29 Jun — RIA Novosti. The Federation Council plans on Wednesday last in the spring session of the meeting, to consider the resonance of the package of anti-terrorist laws. Profile committees of the upper chamber on defence and security and on constitutional legislation recommended that the senators to support the document. Federation Council speaker Valentina Matviyenko also stressed that the laws do not violate the Constitution, and their most contentious points have been eliminated or mitigated during the passage in the state Duma.
Laws were developed by the heads of relevant committees of the two chambers of Parliament: the Chairman of the Duma Committee on security Irina Yarovaya head of the Federation Council Committee on defense and security Viktor Ozerov. The amendments to the criminal and Criminal procedure codes, and 10 separate laws. The laws have caused a wide public resonance.
Lowering the age of responsibility and non-information
The laws provide for the reduction of the age threshold of criminal liability for terrorist offences to 14 years.
Introduces a new article into the criminal code — failing to report the impending attack, hijacking and other crimes. For what is the penalty to 100 thousand rubles or the salary of the convicted person for a period of up to six months, or compulsory work for up to one year, or imprisonment for the same term. However, a person shall be criminally responsible for not informing about the preparation or Commission of a crime by his or her spouse or a close relative.
© RIA Novosti. Gregory to Sysoeva in fotomontagen: “the Spring” – the Golden mean between security and svobodina public incitement to terrorism on the Internet, and its public justification is subject to a fine from 300 thousand to 1 million rubles or deprivation of freedom from five to seven years with deprivation of the right to occupy certain positions for up to five years.
Decline and recruitment to the organization of mass riots will be punished by a fine from 300 thousand to 700 thousand rubles or wage convicted of a period of two to four years or without it. Also these actions can threaten compulsory works for a term of two to five years or deprivation of liberty for a term of five to ten years.
In the legislation there is a new crime of international terrorism. For it is offered to establish punishment in the form of deprivation of liberty for a term from 10 to 20 years or life imprisonment.
For the financing of international acts of terrorism and involvement in committing them it is offered to punish imprisonment for the term from 5 till 10 years with the penalty to 500 thousand roubles or in the amount of income for a period of up to three years or without it.
Amendments regulate missionary activity. In particular, according to the bill, missionary activities can only deal with registered organizations and groups. We are talking about events associated with religious rites. Banned any missionary work outside of the specially designed rooms. Violators face a fine of up to 1 million rubles.
Storing conversations and correspondences subscribers
© AP PhotoЭдвард Snowden criticized the new Russian anti-terrorist bakonysarkany provide that operators must keep information about the facts of reception and transmission of calls, text messages, pictures, sounds and videos on the territory of Russia within three years, and the conversations and correspondence for up to six months.
It was originally proposed to oblige mobile operators to keep in Russia for three years recording conversations, text messages, and images to provide them on request of the security services. According to experts, the cost in this case would exceed the annual budgets of the largest operators.
The same requirements apply to the instant messengers and social networks. However, the data retention period on the facts of the transmission of messages is reduced from three years to one year. The content of the correspondence they will also store for up to six months.
The procedure, terms and volume of information storage will establish the government of the Russian Federation.
© 2016 AFP/ Yasuyoshi ChibaАвторы anti-terrorism package went to meet societyobesity connection will have to provide law enforcement authorities information about users and its communication services and other data.
Instant messengers and social networks will be required with the use of additional coding of user messages to present to the FSB the keys to their decoding. For the fulfillment of the requirements for citizens the penalty will make from 3 thousand to 5 thousand roubles; for officials — from 30 thousand to 50 thousand rubles; for legal entities — from 800 thousand to 1 million rubles.
The package does not violate the Constitution
© RIA Novosti. Maxim Aminopherase in fotoreceptori communications told about the losses from the anti-terrorist poprocker of the Council of Federation Valentina Matvienko considers that the package of anti-terrorism laws was approved, it was supported by the relevant committees on defense and on constitutional law; at the conclusion of the last Committee of the violations of constitutional norms in it.
She also noted that during the review of these laws to the state Duma a number of the most controversial provisions concern has been mitigated or eliminated.
After the adoption of the anti-terrorism package, the Federation Council will be monitoring it for consideration the necessity of making changes, said the speaker.
Please do not take
With a request to reject the anti-terrorism package to the Federation Council appealed to the largest Russian cellular operators — MTS, VimpelCom, MegaFon and Tele2. They warn that its adoption will entail growth of tariffs for subscribers and a drop in the quality of communication services in Russia.
© RIA Novosti. Andrew Tinypirate fotobank in Tatarstan believe that the Spring package adopted in haste and it is eclogites similar request to Matviyenko addressed and authorized under the RF President on protection of entrepreneurs ‘ rights Boris Titov. He urged not to “make a mistake” and not take in its current form the law, which, according to him, is not feasible in terms of requirements for Telecom operators to store data. According to the Ombudsman to do so in such volumes it is impossible to all cellular companies, because it requires a huge investment. The law will never be executed or a telephone connection will be “just closed”, he said.
To postpone the consideration of laws in the fall proposed by the first President of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaimiev, supported by the head of the state Council of the Republic Farid Mukhametshin. In their opinion, several provisions of the package relating to missionary activity, may violate the rights of believers.